What are Cannabinoids?
Cannaben…cannabinoy…cannuhbi…CANNABINOIDS! We hear this word often in the cannabis industry, but what really is a cannabinoid. By definition, cannabinoids are a group of related compounds that can be extracted from cannabis. There are 113 known cannabinoids all with their very own unique effects. In recent years, more light has been shed on the number of different cannabinoids and it’s not all about THC anymore (although we still love it). It’s important that more people learn about the different types of compounds in cannabis. And to help with that, we are going to embark on a mini-blog series to help educate the public on some of the lesser known cannabinoids. But first it’s important we start with two of the most popular so we can get a proper foothold, THC and CBD.
THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is the most well known cannabis compound and for good reason. THC is the compound in cannabis associated with psychoactive properties and mind altering effects. It is in essence the reason an individual may feel a “high” or sense of euphoria after ingesting cannabis rich in THC. This cannabinoid affects the parts of our brain that control memory, thinking, movement, pleasure, senses and time perception. THC attaches to cannabinoid receptors located throughout our body’s which stimulate cells in our brain that create dopamine. THC can even act as a powerful pain reliever when the cannabinoid receptors in our nerve cells are activated. Depending on personal tolerance, the psychedelic effects of THC can cause mental discomfort, hallucinations, paranoia and even nausea, so consuming responsibly is very important. However, with no record of overdose, many consider THC to be safe. When it comes to uncomfortable effects due to over-consumption, time can heal all.
The second most popular cannabinoid found in cannabis is CBD or cannabidiol. CBD has garnered a reputation as a cure-all for many physical and mental discomforts. Early and ongoing clinical research suggests that CBD may be an effective natural combatant to a wide variety of ailments. Despite its non-intoxicating properties, CBD provides relief as it activates serotonin and many other brain receptors that affect our mind’s processes. Such as anxiety, pain perception, nausea and body temperature. CBD works with our body’s endocannabinoid system which is thought to encourage homeostasis and “healthy” responses within our body. Due to its non-psychoactive properties, CBD can balance out the intoxicating properties of THC to provide a more therapeutic experience. For any cannabis novice or anyone looking for pain management solutions, CBD is an easy first step into the realm of cannabis. Be aware however, trace amounts of THC will be found in any cannabis derived CBD product, so consume with knowledge!
Now that we’ve established a solid understanding of cannabinoids and the two most popular compounds, stay tuned for our next blog which will go over two other cannabinoids that aren’t as common. In the meantime if you have any questions about certain cannabinoids, message us on any of our socials with the name of the cannabinoid you want to learn abou and we’ll provide you with a full description!